Fallacies of Ambiguity
An amphiboly occurs when the construction of a sentence allows it to have two different meanings.
- Last night I shot a burglar in my pajamas.
- The Oracle of Delphi told Croseus that if he pursued the war he would destroy a mighty kingdom. (What the Oracle did not mention was that the kingdom he destroyed would be his own. Adapted from Heroditus, The Histories.)
- Save soap and waste paper. (From Copi, p. 115)