The fallacies in this section change the subject by discussing the person making the argument instead of discussing reasons to believe or disbelieve the conclusion.
- Ad Hominem
The person presenting an argument is attacked instead of the argument itself.
- Anonymous Authorities
The authority in question is not named.
- Appeal to Authority
1) The authority is not an expert in the field; 2) experts in the field disagree; 3) the authority wasn’t speaking in earnest; 4) or, the authority is misrepresented.
- Style Over Substance
The manner in which an argument (or arguer) is presented is felt to affect the truth of the conclusion.