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Human Knowledge Classical and Contemporary Approaches

Offering a unique and wide-ranging examination of the theory of knowledge, the new edition of this comprehensive collection deftly blends readings from the foremost classical sources with the work of important contemporary philosophical thinkers. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches offers philosophical examinations of epistemology from ancient Greek and Roman philosophy (Plato, Aristotle, Sextus Empiricus); medieval philosophy (Augustine, Aquinas); early modern philosophy (Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, Reid, Kant); classical pragmatism and Anglo-American empiricism (James, Russell, Ayer, Lewis, Carnap, Quine, Rorty); and other influential Anglo-American philosophers (Chisholm, Kripke, Moore, Wittgenstein, Strawson, Putnam). Organized chronologically and thematically, Human Knowledge features exceptionally broad coverage and nontechnical selections that are easily accessible to students. An ideal text for both undergraduate and graduate courses in epistemology, it is enhanced by the editors’ substantial general introduction, section overviews, and up-to-date bibliographies. The third edition offers expanded selections on contemporary epistemology and adds selections by Thomas Reid, Richard Rorty, David B. Annis, Richard Feldman and Earl Conee, Ernest Sosa, Barry Stroud, and Louise M. Antony. Human Knowledge offers an unparalleled introduction to our ancient struggle to understand our own intellectual experience. ~ Product Description

Table of Contents

    • Preface
    • General Introduction: Human Knowledge – Its Nature, Sources, and Limits    1
  • Greek and Medieval Sources    31
    • 1    Meno; Phaedo; Republic; Theaetetus    35
    • 2    Posterior Analytics; De Anima    62
    • 3    Outlines of Pyrrhonism    81
    • 4    Contra Academicos; De Civitas Dei    92
    • 5    Summa Theologiae    96
  • Early Modern Sources    111
    • 6    Meditations on First Philosophy    114
    • 7    An Essay Concerning Human Understanding    128
    • 8    Introduction to New Essays on the Human Understanding    149
    • 9    A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge    156
    • 10    An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding    167
    • 11    Inquiry into the Human Mind    185
    • 12    Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics    199
  • Pragmatism and Empiricism    217
    • 13    The Will to Believe    225
    • 14    Appearance, Reality, and Knowledge by Acquaintance    237
    • 15    Verification and Philosophy    246
    • 16    The Pragmatic Element in Knowledge    258
    • 17    Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology    269
    • 18    Two Dogmas of Empiricism    280
    • 19    Pragmatism, Relativism, and Irrationalism    294
  • The Analysis of Knowledge    305
    • 20    Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?    306
    • 21    An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter-Examples    308
    • 22    The Gettier Problem    309
  • A Priori Knowledge    321
    • 23    A Pragmatic Conception of the A Priori    322
    • 24    The Truths of Reason    328
    • 25    A Priori Knowledge, Necessity, and Contingency    346
  • Justified Belief    357
    • 26    Concepts of Epistemic Justification    359
    • 27    The Raft and the Pyramid: Coherence versus Foundations in the Theory of Knowledge    380
    • 28    A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification    397
    • 29    Evidentialism    404
    • 30    Reflective Equilibrium, Analytic Epistemology and the Problem of Cognitive Diversity    416
  • Skepticism    437
    • 31    Proof of an External World    439
    • 32    Cause and Effect: Intuitive Awareness    452
    • 33    Skepticism, Naturalism and Transcendental Arguments    461
    • 34    Philosophical Scepticism and Epistemic Circularity    473
    • 35    Scepticism, ‘Externalism’, and the Goal of Epistemology    489
  • Epistemology and Psychology    501
    • 36    Epistemology Naturalized    502
    • 37    Why Reason Can’t Be Naturalized    512
    • 38    Epistemic Folkways and Scientific Epistemology    523
    • 39    Quine as Feminist: The Radical Import of Naturalized Epistemology    539
    • Name Index    575
    • Subject Index    578