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On Being Certain Believing You Are Right Even When You're Not

You recognize when you know something for certain, right? You "know" the sky is blue, or that the traffic light had turned green, or where you were on the morning of September 11, 2001 — you know these things, well, because you just do. In On Being Certain, neurologist Robert Burton challenges the notions of how we think about what we know. He shows that the feeling of certainty we have when we "know" something comes from sources beyond our control and knowledge. In fact, certainty is a mental sensation, rather than evidence of fact. Because this "feeling of knowing" seems like confirmation of knowledge, we tend to think of it as a product of reason. But an increasing body of evidence suggests that feelings such as certainty stem from primitive areas of the brain, and are independent of active, conscious reflection and reasoning. The feeling of knowing happens to us; we cannot make it happen. Bringing together cutting edge neuroscience, experimental data, and fascinating anecdotes, Robert Burton explores the inconsistent and sometimes paradoxical relationship between our thoughts and what we actually know. Provocative and groundbreaking, On Being Certain, will challenge what you know (or think you know) about the mind, knowledge, and reason. ~ Product Description

Table of Contents

    • Preface     ix
    • The Feeling of Knowing     1
    • How Do We Know What We Know?     7
    • Conviction Isn’t a Choice     21
    • The Classification of Mental States     35
    • Neural Networks     41
    • Modularity and Emergence     55
    • When Does a Thought Begin?     66
    • Perceptual Thoughts: A Further Clarification     81
    • The Pleasure of Your Thoughts     86
    • Genes and Thought     102
    • Sensational Thoughts     124
    • The Twin Pillars of Certainty: Reason and Objectivity     140
    • Faith     177
    • Mind Speculations     198
    • Final Thoughts     216
    • Notes     225
    • Acknowledgments     243
    • Index     245