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Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues

Gathering 49 readings on a variety of topics — science and pseudoscience; rationality, objectivity, and values in science; laws of nature; models of explanation, among others — this anthology introduces students to the often challenging problems examined by major thinkers in the field. Combine this with thoughtful and thorough apparatus, and Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues is the most flexible and comprehensive collection ever created for undergraduate courses. ~ Product Description

Table of Contents

    • Preface   
    • General Introduction   
    • Science: Conjectures and Refutations    3
    • Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Research?    11
    • Science and Pseudoscience    20
    • Why Astrology Is a Pseudoscience    27
    • Creation-Science Is Not Science    38
    • Commentary: Science at the Bar – Causes for Concern    48
    • Response to the Commentary: Pro Judice    54
    • The Nature and Necessity of Scientific Revolutions    86
    • Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice    102
    • Rationality and Paradigm Change in Science    119
    • Dissecting the Holist Picture of Scientific Change    139
    • Values and Objectivity    170
    • Gender and the Biological Sciences    192
    • Physical Theory and Experiment    257
    • Two Dogmas of Empiricism    280
    • The Duhem Thesis and the Quine Thesis    302
    • Demystifying Underdetermination    320
    • Induction    412
    • The Problem of Induction    426
    • Rational Prediction    433
    • Criteria of Confirmation and Acceptability    445
    • Is Evidence Historical?    460
    • Explanation v. Prediction: Which Carries More Weight?    481
    • Rationality and Objectivity in Science or Tom Kuhn Meets Tom Bayes    551
    • Why I Am Not a Bayesian    584
    • Wittgensteinian Bayesianism    607
    • The Value of Laws: Explanation and Prediction    678
    • Two Basic Types of Scientific Explanation    685
    • The Thesis of Structural Identity    695
    • Inductive-Statistical Explanation    706
    • Arguments, Laws, and Explanation    720
    • A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation    746
    • What Is a Law of Nature?    808
    • Laws of Nature    826
    • Necessities and Universals in Natural Laws    846
    • Do the Laws of Physics State the Facts?    865
    • Issues in the Logic of Reductive Explanations    905
    • How to Be a Good Empiricist – A Plea for Tolerance in Matters Epistemological    922
    • Two Concepts of Intertheoretic Reduction    950
    • 1953 and All That: A Tale of Two Sciences    971
    • The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities    1052
    • Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism    1064
    • Realism versus Constructive Empiricism    1088
    • A Confutation of Convergent Realism    1114
    • Explaining the Success of Science    1136
    • Experimentation and Scientific Realism    1153
    • Hacking’s Experimental Realism    1169
    • The Natural Ontological Attitude    1186
    • NOA’s Ark – Fine for Realism    1209
    • Glossary    1291
    • Bibliography    1311
    • Permissions Acknowledgments    1331
    • Name Index    1335
    • Subject Index    1349